By Devra Lehmann

ISBN-10: 1608981800

ISBN-13: 9781608981809

ISBN-10: 1608981819

ISBN-13: 9781608981816

a super schoolboy in Amsterdam speedy learns to maintain his principles to himself. whilst he's twenty-three years previous, these principles end up so stunning and scandalous to his Jewish group that he's publicly denounced and expelled from his synagogue and local. The scandal indicates no signal of waning as his rules unfold all through seventeenth-century Europe, the place he's virtually universally reviled as an tool of the satan. on the middle of the hurricane, he lives the easiest of lives, quietly dedicated to his paintings as a lens grinder and to his steadfast look for truth—an pastime that paves the best way for all that's top in glossy democracies. He doesn't reside to work out the result of his efforts, yet his rules swap the world.

Devra Lehmann bargains teens a clear-sighted advent to Spinoza, the Dutch thinker who built probably the most radical principles in historical past. lots of Spinoza’s rules appear regularly occurring at the present time, yet an realizing in their explosive impression within the 1600s casts them in a completely new light.

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Spinoza: The Outcast Thinker by Devra Lehmann

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